Registered Auctionhouse and Registered Valuer
Registered Valuer of paper money, stocks and bonds and historical documents according to European Norm EN - 45013

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Grading is the most controversial component of collecting today. Small differences in grade can mean significant differences in value. The process of grading is subjective and dependent on external influences such as lighting. To facilitate communication between sellers and buyers, it is essential that grading terms and their meanings be as standardized and as widely used as possible.

One difficulty with grading is that even the actual grades themselves are not used everywhere by everyone. For example, for paper money, in Europe the term "About Uncirculated" (AU) is not in general use, yet in North America it's widespread.

The grades and definitions as set on the various grading pages cannot reconcile all the various systems and grading terminology variants. Rather, the attempt is made to try and diminish the controversy with some common-sense grades and definitions that aim to give more precise meaning to the grading language of paper money, coins and bonds & shares.

At Corné Akkermans Auctions grading is done with the utmost care and slightly conservative. The age, rarity or type of a coin, banknote or stock is not a consideration in grading. We grade each coin and banknote by the weaker of the two sides. Additional to the grade of an item we will always mention the extra defects like "pinholes", "staple holes", "writing on face", "tape rests", "strong or weak strikes", "partially weak strikes", "damage", "corrosion", "attractive or unattractive toning" and "dipping or cleaning".

Bonds and shares Coins Paper money Posters Picture postcards Country index Catalogues - literature Abbreviations